Innsbruck history

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Innsbruck

15 BC. Tiberius and Drusus, the stepsons of Augustus, had the road across Brenner pass built – Europe’s most important North-South connection in the middle ages; in the 2nd/3rd centuries AD Veldidena served as most important supply base for the Romans.

6th Century. Bavarian conquest and settlement; the Episcopal see is moved from the Säben monastery to Brixen.

1027 Konrad II. enfeoffed the Bishops of Trient and Brixen with the counties of Bolzano, Vinschgau and Noricum, the so called “terra intra montes”, the land between the mountains; the bishops in turn enfeoffed the fiefs to various noblemen and the “terra intra montes” soon become a bone of contention of vying lineages of counts. North Tirol is under the rule of the Counts of Andechs, “Omeras” castle 1070

1128 The Premonstratensians come to Wilten, consecration of the church in 1138

1187 Construction of the Inn bridge – development of a small market settlement due to a barter deal with the Abbey of Wilten; in 1237 Innsprugg is first mentioned in a document as “urbs” (= city)

1248 The Andechs lineage dies out and the Counts of Tirol, who give the country their name, follow.

1271 Meinhard II. of Görz-Tirol inherits the North Tirolean regions and unites them into one; the “County of Tirol” was mentioned for the first time.

1363 The last Countess of Tirol, Margarete Maultasch, hands over Tirol to Rudolf IV. of the Habsburgs: the altar at Schloss Tirol (1370) still testifies to this;

1420 Under the rule of Count Friedl of the Empty Pocket the seat was moved from Meran to Innsbruck; mining business starts to flourish

1486 Coin mint in Hall under Archduke Sigmund; construction of the Imperial Palace was started

1490-1519 Maximilian I. takes over Tirol; his fondness for Innsbruck increased the region's status. Under his rule the town became an administrative capital. He also gave the Tiroleans the right to their own national defense

1500 Construction of the Golden Roof was finished and soon afterwards the Imperial Palace.

1502-1586 Maximilian I. commissioned his sarcophagus with 28 larger-than-life bronze statues which stand in mourning at the tomb of this assertive prince.

Transen 1553-1563 Ferdinand I. commissioned the Royal Church to accommodate Maximilian’s sarcophagus.

1570-1572 Spanish Hall as the first Renaissance festival hall north of the Alps,

1564-1595 built by Archduke Ferdinand II. who had also built the Imperial Gardens (Hofgarten) and the Ambras Gardens as well as the Arts and Wonder Chamber and the Arms Halls

1602-1618 Archduke Maximilian III, Grandmaster of the Teutonic Order; his tomb was built by Caspar Gras

1618-1632 Archduke Leopold V. °° 1626 Claudia de´Medici, operas became a popular genre

1629 “Comedihaus” – 1st Opera House north of the Alps; Maria Hilf painting; building of the Jesuit church; “Claudiana” early baroque hall with coats of arms, Claudia introduces bilingualism at the Commercial Court in Bolzano/Bozen.

1646-1662 Archduke Ferdinand Karl takes on Cesti as Musical Director, construction of the Imperial Opera House, 1655 visit of Queen Christine of Sweden; first performance of the opera “L´Argia” (6 hrs), great success. Sudden death of

1662-1665 Sigmund Franz – Tirol’s last sovereign; Leopold I. dissolves the Court in Innsbruck; the Tirolean line of the Habsburgs dies out; governors are employed

1669 Foundation of the Innsbruck University

1703 Bavarians were successfully chased out of Tirol following disputes concerning the Spanish succession. In memory of this, Annasäule (Pillar of Anna) was constructed.

1717-1722 Reconstruction of the St. Jakob parish church, the painting of the Holy Virgin was integrated into the new high altar, frescoes and stucco work by the Asam brothers;

1765 Marriage of Archduke Peter Leopold (Leopold II.) and Maria Ludovica in Innsbruck Reconstruction of the Imperial Palace under the rule of Maria Theresia Empress Maria Theresa ordered the Triumphal Arch to be built with a twofold purpose: to honor the marriage of her son, the Duke of Tuscany, later Emperor Leopold II, to Maria Ludovica from Spain, and to mourn the death of her beloved husband, Francis I Stephen of Lothringen, who died during the celebrations.

1809 4 Bergisel battles against the Bavarians, led by the Tirolean freedom fighter Andreas Hofer who was shot in Mantua in 1810.

1814/15 Tirol is returned to Austria – Kaiser Franz I.

1849 Innsbruck replaced Meran as regional capital

1858/84 Connection to the European rail network (Unterinntal, Brenner, Arlberg)

1929 First edifices were built on Seegrube and Hafelekar by Franz Baumann

1943/45 Bombing of Innsbruck (cathedral, Wilten, train station, Maria-Theresienstrasse)

1947 Max Weiler’s great art scandal (paintings at Theresienkirche)

1964 Founding of the Innsbruck Diocese

1964/1976 Olympic Winter Games in Innsbruck

2002/2003 New construction of the Bergisel jump by Zaha Hadid, international awards

2003/2004 Construction of the Rathausgalerie by Dominique Perrault

2004 New design of the Innsbruck main station

2005 Winteruniversiade in Innsbruck u. Seefeld